Objectives

  • To achieve an improved overview of existing information on soil degradation at the European scale,
  • To assess the influence of climate and human activities upon regulating key soil properties, soil functions and ecosystem services,
  • To provide a base for RECARE’s data collection and methods in the Case Study sites.

Description of Work and role of the partners

WP2 will review existing information on soil degradation at the European scale. Work will be coordinated by partner 6, and all Case Study partners will be involved to provide information for the soil threats that are dominant in their cases studies. The following threats will be dealt with (partners involved are listed in brackets): soil erosion (5, 7, 10), salinization (2), compaction (3), sealing (22, 11), desertification (4, 8), floods and landslides (6, 20), loss of organic matter (1, 18, 27), contamination (9, 19, 21), and biodiversity decline (26).

Task 2.1 Drivers and soil threats (Lead partner 6, partners: 11, WPs, Case Study partners)

Review of collected information for each soil threat at the European level, with due attention to interaction with climate and human activities, and to the bio-physical, socio-economic and political drivers that cause changes in human activities. It will be reviewed: i) how changes in drivers influence human activities, and why, ii) how key regulating soil properties are affected by climate and human activities, either directly or through soil degradation processes, iii) the effect of time-variant characteristics of key soil properties on the process of soil degradation. The review will work on individual soil threats, but will also take into account that soil threats are often related and occur in combination and that human activity and the drivers behind it can impact multiple soil threats.

Task 2.2 Assessment of soil threats (Lead partner 6, partners: 11, WPs, Case Study partners)

It will be determined which methods are available to assess the different soil threats and the state of degradation at European level, taking into account time-variant soil properties. Based on these available methods, it will be investigated which key regulating soil properties and indicators can be used to identify the level of degradation. Information will also be provided on severity/risk of the different threats in different parts of Europe and the state of degradation.

Task 2.3 Soil functions and ecosystem services (Lead partner 6, partners: 11, WPs, Case Study partners)

Task 2.3 will review the relationship between soil properties and indicators with soil functioning and provision of ecosystem services. It will, for each soil threat, determine which soil properties and indicators can best be used to assess the impact of soil degradation on soil functions and ecosystem services. This will result in recommendations regarding data collection, indicators and methods to be used in subsequent RECARE work packages. Where possible, soil properties and indicators will be selected for which data are already available in existing EU soil databases to enable up-scaling of processes, up to the European level in WP8. The results of Tasks 2.1 – 2.3 will be described in a scientific paper to be submitted to a highly-ranked international scientific journal, like Earth-Science Reviews, and will be presented at a conference session, preferably connected to a larger conference (e.g. EGU), to inform the scientific community and other stakeholders about state-of-the art knowledge regarding the influence of climate and human activities upon key soil properties, the state of soil degradation, and related soil functions and ecosystem services.

Links to other WPs

WP2 links to RECARE WPs 3 to 8 as it provides the base for collection of soil degradation related field information using harmonized procedures and methods. WP2 uses information provided by WP9 and WP11 to deal with socio-economic and political drivers of soil degradation, and information on current assessments at European scale from WP10.

Person-months per Participant

Participant number 

Participant shot name 

Person-months per participant 

2  TUC  2.0 
3 AU  1.0 
4 UVEG  2.0 
5 CyL  4.0 
6 NIBIO  10.0 
7 UAVR  5.0 
8 SCSI  2.0 
9 Evenor Tech   2.0 
10 UNIBE  1.0 
11 EAA  1.0 
13 JRC  2.0 
14 EI  1.0 
16 DLO-Alterra  3.0 
18 SLU  1.0 
19 CSIC  1.0 
20 STUBA  4.0 
21 ICPA  5.0 
22 IUNG  2.0 
23 UoG  1.0 
24 RIKS  1.0 
25 CU  2.0 
26 UNIPD  2.0 
  Total 55.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 List of Deliverables     

Deliverable
Number

 
Deliverable Title

Lead
beneficiary
number 

Estimated
indicative
personmonths
Nature 

Dissemination
level 

Delivery date 
D2.1

Review report summarizing the influence of climate and human activities upon soil properties, the state of degradation, soil
functions and ecosystem services.

6

33.0 R PU 12
D2.2

Review paper in a scientific journal

6 22.0 PU  18 

 

Description of Deliverables

D2.1 Review report summarizing the influence of climate and human activities upon soil properties, the state of degradation, soil functions and ecosystem services: A review report summarizing the influence of climate and human activities upon soil properties, the state of degradation, soil functions and ecosystem services, with emphasis on field data collection requirements within RECARE Work Packages, and field and laboratory methods to be used for this purpose by all Case Study site partners [month 12].

D2.2 Review paper in a scientific journal: Review paper in a highly-ranked scientific journal, like Earth-Science Reviews [month 18].