The soil biodiversity represents the variety of life belowground. Soil biodiversity provides the biological engine of terrestrial ecosystems and underpins many soil functions, including its resistance and resilience to perturbation.









Loss of soil biodiversity can degrade a soil's ability to provide ecosystem services. Soil biodiversity is threatened by excessive agricultural exploitation due to simplified crop rotation and monocultures, application of pesticides and fertilizers, soil compaction and habitat fragmentation. There is no integrated database on long-term studies and guidelines on the protection of soil biodiversity as dependent on climate, soil conditions and type of agriculture.

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